Getting SMART about ONE HEALTH in South Africa
Start your answers with T1, T2, T3, T4 or CT for transcript purposes after the moderator prompts.
Both panel experts and public attendees are encouraged to participate.
The public transcript is recorded by Symplur.
T1: How would you define ONE health?
T2: Why is ONE health important to a Sustainable Health System?
T3: What types of diseases are associated with ONE health? Why, or How?
T4: Which role players or tools are key to a Sustainable ONE health system? Why, or How?
e.g. Roleplayers: Academia, Policy-makers, Citizens, Veterinarians, Epidemiology, Health IT, Agricultural Sector
e.g. Tools: The web, Social media, Mobile Applications, Wi-Fi / Fibre
CT (Closing Thoughts): Is there anything you feel is important to add to this conversation?
What is One Health?
One Health recognizes that the health of people is connected to the health of animals and the environment. The goal of One Health is to encourage the collaborative efforts of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally, and globally to achieve the best health for people, animals, and our environment. A One Health approach is important because 6 out of every 10 infectious diseases in humans are spread from animals.
The areas of work in which a One Health approach is particularly relevant include food safety, the control of zoonoses (diseases that can spread between animals and humans, such as flu, rabies and Rift Valley Fever), and combatting antibiotic resistance (when bacteria change after being exposed to antibiotics and become more difficult to treat).
Why do we need a One Health approach?
The WHO explains that many of the same microbes infect animals and humans, as they share the eco-systems they live in. Efforts by just one sector cannot prevent or eliminate the problem. For instance, rabies in humans is effectively prevented only by targeting the animal source of the virus (for example, by vaccinating dogs).
Information on influenza viruses circulating in animals is crucial to the selection of viruses for human vaccines for potential influenza pandemics. Drug-resistant microbes can be transmitted between animals and humans through direct contact between animals and humans or through contaminated food, so to effectively contain it, a well-coordinated approach in humans and in animals is required.
Who makes the One Health approach work?
Many professionals with a range of experts who are active in different sectors, such as public health, animal health, plant health and the environment, should join forces to support One Health approaches.
To effectively detect, respond to, and prevent outbreaks of zoonoses and food safety problems, epidemiological data and laboratory information should be shared across sectors. Government officials, researchers and workers across sectors at the local, national, regional and global levels should implement joint responses to health threats.
Getting Smart about One Health in a Connected World
As smartphones, smart TV’s, computers and the like seep deeper into the fabric of everyday life, governments are looking at how they can use technology to improve life in cities while companies seek new ways to make money. About half the world’s population now lives in urban areas, a total of 4 billion people, and that proportion is likely to rise to 60 percent by 2030, according to the World Health Organization.
With initiatives in South Africa like the University of the Witwatersrand Technology Innovation Program targeting digital business working in fields like agriculture, smart cities, security, education and retail or Cape Town’s Smart City Programs, where could ONE health find a commonplace in the collection of big data and analytics, disease outbreak surveillance systems or other areas like precision and preventative health? How can we ensure we develop a Sustainable ONE health system in South Africa?
Join us for a 60-minute chat with our experts on Twitter to reimagine the possibilities!
All stakeholders are welcome.
Prof. Marc Mendelson @SouthAfrican ASP
Marc is a Professor of Infectious Diseases at the University of Cape Town and head of the Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine.
He is chair of the South African Ministerial Advisory Committee on Antimicrobial Resistance and co-chair of the South African Antibiotic Stewardship Programme (SAASP). Marc is president-elect of the International Society for Infectious Diseases (ISID), whose flagship emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases communication platform, ProMED-Mail is an internationally recognized, essential One Health resource.
Professor Sabiha Essack, B. Pharm., M. Pham., PhD @EssackSabiha
Sabiha Essack, Professor in Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN) is the South African Research Chair in Antibiotic Resistance and One Health.
Professor Essack serves/d as an expert consultant on antimicrobial resistance to the WHO Regional Office for Africa, the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office and the South East Asia Regional Office. She is Vice Chairperson South African Ministerial Advisory Committee on Antimicrobial Resistance, founder and co-chair of the South African Chapter of the Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics (APUA), member of the FIP Working Group on Antimicrobial Resistance and member of the Global Respiratory Infections Partnership (GRIP). She serves on the South African Chapter of the Global Antibiotic Resistance Partnership (GARP) and the South African Antibiotic Stewardship Programme (SAASP).
Prashant Natarajan @natrpr
Prashant Natarajan is the author of “Demystifying Big Data and Machine Learning in Healthcare” which was a #1 HIMSS 2017 Best Seller. He is also Chairperson of The Innovation Conference & Showcase ICS 2018 – HIMSS Northern California. Prashant is also the Director of Business Strategy at Oracle where his portfolio includes being a trusted advisor to customer CXOs on technology strategy, data-driven storytelling, analytics RoI, and use case elicitation/discovery. Expert in AI, ML, data mining, BI & visualisation for All Data – “little” & “big.” Prashant has also written two additional publications called “Multidisciplinary Approach to Head & Neck Cancer” (ed. Dr Maie St John 2017) and “Implementing BI in your Healthcare Organization (2012)”.
His portfolio includes:
1. Oracle Healthcare Foundation: Advanced analytics, data mining, and data integration
2. Application Toolkit: Discovery and Self-Service Analytics
3. Precision Medicine: OMICS little+big data analytics; near real-time decision support
4. ML PaaS Cloud Services for pharma-provider convergence
5. Interoperability and MDM solutions
Dr. Zoran Katrinka @DocZok
Chief Underwriter and Claim Manager – Coordinator of Livestock & Pet Insurance at DDOR Novi Sad a.d.o.; Authorized Insurance Broker; Forensic Expert at the Court of Law for Veterinary Medicine; Program Director for One Health at FRD; Scientific Expert at I-ARKS; Former World Veterinary Association Councillor for Europe.
Specialties: Epidemiology; One Health; Forensics; Insurance; Underwriting; Claim Management; Risk Management; Professional Liability; Health systems performance; Disaster Risk Management; Traditional Chinese Medicine; Oriental Neuro-psychiatry;
Postgraduate course in Environmental protection, University of Nis in 1995; Postgraduate courses in Agri-Business management on Faculty of Economics in Subotica, University of Novi Sad, 1999-2001; Su Jok Acupuncture in 1994, Member of Su Jok Acupuncture Academy Seoul/Moscow from 1995; M.S. in Integrative Medicine; Ph.D. in Health Sciences (Epidemiology).
Dr. Greene has over 9 years of experience in epidemiological and laboratory research. She holds a Ph.D. in Environmental Health Sciences and an MPH in Hospital and Molecular Epidemiology from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. At NSF International, Dr. Greene has been making strides to improve public health in the areas of infectious disease prevention and control in clinical and dental settings. Her research focus in on healthcare pathogen transmission, pathogen environmental survival, disinfection, hand hygiene and biofilms. Her work serves to improve the accuracy of environmental mediated infectious disease transmission modelling, strengthens current guidelines to control healthcare-associated infections and provides new insights that will stimulate innovative approaches to reduce the risk of biofilm-related infections, pathogen transmission and curtail the environmental persistence and transmission of infectious agents.
Dr. Greene also co-founded the Healthcare Infection Transmission Systems (HITS) Consortium – an organization that strives to break down silos in healthcare using a cross-disciplinary, systems approach to addressing the pressing issues around infection control.
Nikki Beetsch is a Technical Manager in NSF’s Toxicology Services group. With 20 years of experience with NSF International, she has provided toxicology services for NSF’s certification programs, serves as a consultant to the World Health Organization’s Water, Sanitation Hygiene and Health group and currently provides management for special projects that are carried out by NSF’s toxicology staff. She holds a B.S. in biology from Bowling Green State University and a Master of Science in biology with an environmental science/toxicology emphasis from Wright State University.
Michael Diamond @Wixit
Michael Diamond is the co-founder of The Infection Prevention Strategy (TIPS), a non-profit organization that recently announced $1,000,000 in Scientific Impact in its first 24 months of operation. Michael is devoted to advancing information and science to address the myriad issues relating to infection prevention and global health.
Mr. Diamond is driven by the firm belief that we should not have to wait years for promising technology, ideas and processes to be implemented and accepted. Michael has created a model of information sharing that makes the process of vetting new technologies, implementing successful programs and inspiring innovation, more efficient, more accessible, more global and more collaborative.
Michael’s most notable achievement to date is the TIPS online journal, www.IC.tips, a Pan-Access, worldwide collective that extends globally and touches locally. Michael leads teams around the world to develop trials and pilot studies to aid in the discovery of successful research-to-market technological advancements. His global team includes engagers and implementers. Currently represented in 38 countries, and well-established as the world’s largest engagement network, the TIPS motto is: Join. Contribute. Make A Difference.
Andrew Duong @duongstyle
With over 8 years of research experience, Andrew co-founded InfectionControl.Tips, and serves as a director and its managing editor.
After obtaining his Bachelor of Science in Genetics, he earned a Master of Science in Microbiology from the Michael DeGroote Institute of Infectious Disease Research at McMaster University.
In addition to his role, Andrew also serves as a research manager in the department of surgery at Hamilton Health Sciences.
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